Third Grade English Language Arts

English Language Arts:  Language

Third Grade





Text of Objective

Web Tool

Instructions for Use











Conventions of Standard English

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • Explain the function of nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs in general and their functions in particular sentences.·     
  • Form and use regular and irregular plural nouns.·     
  • Use abstract nouns (e.g., childhood).·     
  • Form and use regular and irregular verbs.·     
  • Form and use the simple (e.g., I walked; I walk; I will walk) verb tenses.·    
  • Ensure subject-verb and pronoun-antecedent agreement.*·    
  • Form and use comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs, and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.·    
  • Use coordinating and subordinating conjunctions.    
  • Produce simple, compound, and complex sentences.·      




Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

  • Capitalize appropriate words in titles.·     
  • Use commas in addresses.·     
  • Use commas and quotation marks in dialogue.·     
  • Form and use possessives.
  • Use conventional spelling for high-frequency and other studied words and for adding suffixes to base words (e.g., sitting, smiled, cries, happiness).· 
  • Use spelling patterns and generalizations (e.g., word families, position-based spellings, syllable patterns, ending rules, meaningful word parts) in writing words.    
  • Consult reference materials, including beginning dictionaries, as needed to check and correct spellings. 




Knowledge of Language

Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

  • Choose words and phrases for effect*
  • Recognize and observe differences between the conventions of spoken and written standard English.











Vocabulary Acquisition and Use


Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 3 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies

  • Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
  • Determine the meaning of the new word formed when a known affix is added to a known word (e.g., agreeable/disagreeable, comfortable/uncomfortable, care/careless, heat/preheat).·    
  • ·Use a known root word as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word with the same root (e.g., company, companion).
  • Use glossaries or beginning dictionaries, both print and digital, to determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.   
  • ·    




Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships and nuances in word meanings..

  • Distinguish the literal and nonliteral meanings of words and phrases in context (e.g., take steps).·     
  • Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., describe people who are friendly or helpful).     
  • Distinguish shades of meaning among related words that describe states of mind or degrees of certainty (e.g., knew, believed, suspected, heard, wondered).      




Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate conversational, general academic, and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal spatial and temporal relationships (e.g., After dinner that night we went looking for them).