Fifth Grade Science

Fifth Grade Science




Text of Objective

Web Tool

Instructions for Use

Physical Science:

Forces and  Motion


Understand force, motion and the relationship between them


Explain how factors such as gravity, friction, and change in mass affect the motion of objects.




Infer the motion of objects in terms of how far they travel in a certain amount of time and the direction in which they travel.




Illustrate the motion of an object using a graph to show a change in position over a period of time.




Predict the effect of a given force or a change in mass on the motion of an object.



Physical Science: Matter: Properties and Change



Understand the interactions of matter and energy and the changes that occur

Explain how the sun’s energy impacts the processes of the water cycle (including, evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation and runoff).




Compare the weight of an object to the sum of the weight of its parts before and after an interaction.




Summarize properties of original materials, and the new material(s) formed, to demonstrate that a change has occurred.



Physical Science:

Energy Conservation and Transfer 


Explain how the properties of some materials change as a result of heating and cooling

Explain the effects of the transfer of heat (either by direct contact or at a distance) that occurs between objects at different temperatures. (conduction, convection or radiation)




Explain how heating and cooling affect some materials and how this relates to their purpose and practical applications.



Earth Science: 

Earth Systems, Structures and Processes 


Understand weather patterns and phenomena, making connections to the weather in a particular place and time

Compare daily and seasonal changes in weather conditions (including wind speed and direction, precipitation, and temperature) and patterns.




Predict upcoming weather events from weather data collected through observation and measurements.




Explain how global patterns such as the jet stream and water currents influence local weather in measurable terms such as temperature, wind direction and speed, and precipitation.



Life Science: Structures and Functions of Living 


Understand how structures and systems of organisms (to include the human body) perform functions necessary for life.

Explain why some organisms are capable of surviving as a single cell while others require many cells that are specialized to survive.




Compare the major systems of the human body (digestive, respiratory, circulatory, muscular, skeletal, cardiovascular) as it relates to their functions necessary for life.



Life Science:  Ecosystems 


Understand the interdependence of plants and animals with their ecosystem

Compare the characteristics of several common ecosystems, including estuaries and salt marshes, oceans, lakes and ponds, forests, and grasslands).




Classify the organisms within an ecosystem according to the function they serve producers, consumers, or decomposers (biotic factors).




Infer the effects that may result from the interconnected relationship of plants and animals to their ecosystem.



Life Science: Evolution and Genetics


Understand why organisms differ from or are similar to their parents based on the characteristics of the organism

Explain why organisms differ from or are similar to their parents based on the characteristics of the organism.




Give examples of likenesses that are inherited and some that are not



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